Aadhaar Enabled Biometric Devices supports Government in all possible aspects of the population registration, citizen identification, marking time attendance of the candidates enrolled in various Govt. schemes or personnel working in all the Government offices.
Biometric technology has become the cornerstone of multiple Government flagship schemes for timely delivery of the objectives in a reliable, unprejudiced and efficient manner. The Govt of India has rolled out innumerable social welfare schemes/programs to bring social and financial inclusion in the country & foster hassle-free public-centric governance.
Aadhaar enabled biometric devices to assist the Central and State Govt in implementing transparent & effective service delivery schemes for the well-being of the Indian citizenry. Government of several countries has started incorporating biometric technology for safe, productive and effective execution of multiple Govt flagship programs.
Government Schemes Enacting Biometrics Technology
The GOI has instigated the world’s largest biometric-based identification system – ‘Aadhaar’ for providing unique identity i.e. ‘Aadhaar Number’ to 1.31 billion populace of the nation. However, as per the reports of March 2018, almost 1.17 billion Indian citizens have been assigned the Aadhaar card resulting into 89.2 percent Aadhaar adoption rate across the country.
Aadhaar enabled biometric devices can guarantee the most reliable, scalable, secure and robust population registry, identification, access control time attendance processes as mentioned below:-
1. Apna CSC
Apna CSC focuses on building a self-sustained system of 2.5 lac common service centres (CSC) across the country, under an initiative named ‘Digital India’ for the provision of diverse citizen-centric public utilities to the beneficiaries.
Apna CSC establishes a single delivery platform to deliver wide-ranging services to the applicants, ensuring a reliable eKYC process through Aadhaar enabled biometric fingerprint scanner device.
Under Apna CSC scheme, it is advised to implement an Aadhaar enabled biometric device to carry out an error-free, accurate and efficient verification process of the beneficiaries.
DigiLocker is a Government-led initiative set afloat to bring a digital transformation in the country. This initiative enables the Indian citizenry to privately own a shareable space on the public cloud for storing their documents/certificates electronically.
Digital Locker aims to get rid of physical documents by issuing & verifying the electronic documents digitally. The users willing to access their documents from this platform at anywhere and anytime simply need to authenticate their identities through Aadhaar enabled biometric devices.
Biometric fingerprint sensor is the most reliable means of verifying an individual by capturing his/her fingerprint impression proficiently. DigiLocker applies an additional level of security by endorsing secure Aadhaar enabled biometric devices.
3. Yuva Swabhiman Yojana
Govt flagship scheme named Yuva Swabhiman Yojana has incorporated the utilization of Aadhaar enabled biometric devices for effectually carrying out the on-boarding process of the applicants.
Yuva Swabhiman Yojana offers ninety days of employment and ten days of skill development training to the beneficiaries for making them financially stable and stringent.
The Nagar Nigam, Nagar Palika, and Nagar Parishad are directed to employ the Aadhaar enabled biometric fingerprint scanner for flawless registration process of the applicants/beneficiaries.
The Government has launched Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (also known as AePS) as a National Mission for Financial Inclusion, peculiarly to offer the customers’ the access to banking & financial services merely through their Aadhaar number and fingerprint impression.
AePS, formed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NCPI) employs the Biometric Micro-ATM (POS) for facilitating the Aadhaar linked bank account holders to access multiple bank-related services utilizing Aadhaar authentication.
Aadhaar enabled biometric devices for AePS are capable of carrying out a precise and reliable customer identification process to ensure a secure online interoperable transaction through Aadhaar number and biometric fingerprint recognition technique.
5. BHIM Aadhaar Pay
BHIM Aadhaar Pay is a mobile Application introduced for the merchants to collect the payment from the customers digitally in an easy, simple and rapid manner utilizing a biometric device.
The safe & secure payment interface platform – BHIM Aadhaar Payment App will assist the vendors to accept payment from the consumers directly into their bank accounts. To execute such a trusted payment service, a consumer is validated efficiently through fingerprint or iris recognition.
For an instant and reliable bank-to-bank payment service, the consumers/customers before making a payment, are required to identify their identities through Aadhaar enabled biometric devices.
Launched under the ‘Digital India’ program, National Digital Literacy Mission – NDLM aims to provide IT training 52.5 lakh rural populace of the country by enhancing their digital proficiency. It is also commonly known as Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (DISHA).
The scheme was rolled to encourage & empower the population of BPL or rural populace to undertake the digital training after completing the registration process through biometric devices.
The Aadhaar enabled biometric devices for NDLM plays a vital role in streamlining the registration process of the applicants or candidates in an efficient and rapid manner for enabling their effective & active participation in the program.
The Directorate General of Employment and Training (DEGT) has pioneered the Vocational Training Programs (VTP) under the Skill Development Initiative (SDI) to enhance the skills and expertise of the students, school drop-outs or the people working in informal industries.
The SDI has instructed all the registered VTPs to enact a biometric attendance system for marking and monitoring the clock-in & clock-out time of the applicants/students enrolled for various courses in VTPs under DEGT.
Aadhaar Enabled Biometric Attendance System for VTP offers steadfast, effective and scalable time attendance system for real-time attendance monitoring of the applicants.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana, commonly referred to as PMKVY has been instigated by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship to satisfy the rising aspirations of the youth. The young populace of the Country is provided with the industry-specific quality skill training and potential job opportunities.
The on-boarding process of the candidates will be carried out through biometric fingerprint scanner while the applicant’s attendance is marked with the aid of Aadhaar Enabled Biometric Attendance System.
As per the reports of Dec-2018, so far 13810 registered training centres since the inception of PMKVY 2.0 have been set up across the country offering industry-specific training skills for 501 different job roles.
Aadhaar enabled biometric attendance system widely known as AEBAS is a biometric authentication system implemented to mark the attendance of employees working in the Government organizations.
AEBAS is a real-time monitoring system identifies personnel through their biometric fingerprint image and Aadhaar number stored in the UIDAI database. The system assists in eliminating the practice of buddy punching by accurately recording the check-in & check-out time of the employees.
10. Ayushman Bharat Yojana
Ayushman Launched in 2018, the Ayushman Bharat Yojana also recognised as the National Health Protection Scheme aims at enriching the healthcare standards in India by providing health insurance to the population of BPL.
Under Ayushman Bharat Yojana, a beneficiary is efficiently verified utilizing the Aadhaar enabled biometric device at different hospitals, wellness centres, and dispensaries. Biometric devices are ideal for identifying the patients during their claim procedure, easy to maintain their records and turn down the complexities caused during the claim procedure.